In Vivo Human Brain Expression of Histone Deacetylases in Bipolar Disorder

Citation:

Chieh-En J Tseng, Tonya M Gilbert, Mary C Catanese, Baileigh G Hightower, Amy T Peters, Anjali J Parmar, Minhae Kim, Changning Wang, Joshua L Roffman, Hannah E Brown, Roy H Perlis, Nicole R Zürcher, and Jacob M Hooker. 2020. “In Vivo Human Brain Expression of Histone Deacetylases in Bipolar Disorder.” Transl Psychiatry, 10, 1, Pp. 224.

Abstract:

The etiology of bipolar disorder (BD) is unknown and the neurobiological underpinnings are not fully understood. Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the risk of BD, which may be linked through epigenetic mechanisms, including those regulated by histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes. This study measures in vivo HDAC expression in individuals with BD for the first time using the HDAC-specific radiotracer [C]Martinostat. Eleven participants with BD and 11 age- and sex-matched control participants (CON) completed a simultaneous magnetic resonance - positron emission tomography (MR-PET) scan with [C]Martinostat. Lower [C]Martinostat uptake was found in the right amygdala of BD compared to CON. We assessed uptake in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) to compare previous findings of lower uptake in the DLPFC in schizophrenia and found no group differences in BD. Exploratory whole-brain voxelwise analysis showed lower [C]Martinostat uptake in the bilateral thalamus, orbitofrontal cortex, right hippocampus, and right amygdala in BD compared to CON. Furthermore, regional [C]Martinostat uptake was associated with emotion regulation in BD in fronto-limbic areas, which aligns with findings from previous structural, functional, and molecular neuroimaging studies in BD. Regional [C]Martinostat uptake was associated with attention in BD in fronto-parietal and temporal regions. These findings indicate a potential role of HDACs in BD pathophysiology. In particular, HDAC expression levels may modulate attention and emotion regulation, which represent two core clinical features of BD.
Last updated on 08/11/2020