Cortical Surface-Informed Volumetric Spatial Smoothing of fMRI Data via Graph Signal Processing

Citation:

Behjat H, Westin C-F, Aganj I. Cortical Surface-Informed Volumetric Spatial Smoothing of fMRI Data via Graph Signal Processing. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2021;2021 :3804-8.

Date Published:

2021 Nov

Abstract:

Conventionally, as a preprocessing step, functional MRI (fMRI) data are spatially smoothed before further analysis, be it for activation mapping on task-based fMRI or functional connectivity analysis on resting-state fMRI data. When images are smoothed volumetrically, however, isotropic Gaussian kernels are generally used, which do not adapt to the underlying brain structure. Alternatively, cortical surface smoothing procedures provide the benefit of adapting the smoothing process to the underlying morphology, but require projecting volumetric data on to the surface. In this paper, leveraging principles from graph signal processing, we propose a volumetric spatial smoothing method that takes advantage of the gray-white and pial cortical surfaces, and as such, adapts the filtering process to the underlying morphological details at each point in the cortex.

Last updated on 12/16/2021