Exploring Functional Connectivity in fMRI via Clustering

Venkataraman A, Van Dijk KRA, Buckner RL, Golland P. Exploring Functional Connectivity in fMRI via Clustering. Proc IEEE Int Conf Acoust Speech Signal Process. 2009;2009:441–4.


In this paper we investigate the use of data driven clustering methods for functional connectivity analysis in fMRI. In particular, we consider the K-Means and Spectral Clustering algorithms as alternatives to the commonly used Seed-Based Analysis. To enable clustering of the entire brain volume, we use the Nyström Method to approximate the necessary spectral decompositions. We apply K-Means, Spectral Clustering and Seed-Based Analysis to resting-state fMRI data collected from 45 healthy young adults. Without placing any a priori constraints, both clustering methods yield partitions that are associated with brain systems previously identified via Seed-Based Analysis. Our empirical results suggest that clustering provides a valuable tool for functional connectivity analysis.
Last updated on 02/24/2023