Slide 1
An Anatomically Curated Fiber Clustering White Matter Atlas for Consistent White Matter Tract Parcellation across the Lifespan
Slide 2
An Immersive Virtual Reality Environment for Diagnostic Imaging
Slide 3
Inter-site and Inter-scanner Diffusion MRI Data Harmonization
Slide 4
The Open Anatomy Browser: A Collaborative Web-Based Viewer for Interoperable Anatomy Atlases
Slide 5
Unsupervised Discovery of Emphysema Subtypes in a Large Clinical Cohort
Slide 6
Identifying Shared Brain Networks in Individuals by Decoupling Functional and Anatomical Variability
Slide 7
Supra-Threshold Fiber Cluster Statistics for Data-Driven Whole Brain Tractography Analysis
Slide 8
Free Water Modeling of Peritumoral Edema using Multi-fiber Tractography
Slide 8
Estimation of Bounded and Unbounded Trajectories in Diffusion MRI
Slide 9
Principal Gradient of Macroscale Cortical Organization
Slide 10
Evolution of a Simultaneous Segmentation and Atlas Registration
Slide 11
Multi-modality MRI-based Atlas of the Brain
Slide 12
Intracranial Fluid Redistribution
Slide 13
Corticospinal Tract Modeling for Neurosurgical Planning by Tracking through Regions of Peritumoral Edema and Crossing Fibers
Slide 14
Automated White Matter Fiber Tract Identification in Patients with Brain Tumors
Slide 15
State-space Models of Mental Processes from fMRI
Slide 16
Robust Initialization of Active Shape Models for Lung Segmentation in CT Scans: A Feature-Based Atlas Approach
Slide 17
Tractography-driven Groupwise Multi-Scale Parcellation of the Cortex
Slide 18
Gray Matter Alterations in Early Aging
Slide 19
Statistical Shape Analysis: From Landmarks to Diffeomorphisms
Slide 20
A Generative Probabilistic Model and Discriminative Extensions for Brain Lesion Segmentation
Slide 21
Joint Modeling of Imaging and Genetic Variability
Slide 22
MR-Ultrasound Fusion for Neurosurgery
Slide 23
Diffusion MRI and Tumor Heterogeneity
Slide 24
SlicerDMRI: Open Source Diffusion MRI Software for Brain Cancer Research

Neuroimage Analysis Center


The Neuroimaging Analysis Center is a research and technology center with the mission of advancing the role of neuroimaging in health care. The ability to access huge cohorts of patient medical records and radiology data, the emergence of ever-more detailed imaging modalities, and the availability of unprecedented computer processing power marks the possibility for a new era in neuroimaging, disease understanding, and patient treatment. We are excited to present a national resource center with the goal of finding new ways of extracting disease characteristics from advanced imaging and computation, and to make these methods available to the larger medical community through a proven methodology of world-class research, open-source software, and extensive collaboration.

Our Sponsor



The NAC is a Biomedical Technology Resource Center supported by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) (P41 EB015902). It was supported by the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) (P41 RR13218) through December 2011.

Contact the Center Directors



Carl-Fredrik Westin, PhD
Laboratory of Mathematics in Imaging
Brigham and Women's Hospital
1249 Boylston St., Room 240
Boston, MA 02215
Phone: +1 617 525-6209
E-mail: westin at

Ron Kikinis

Ron Kikinis, MD
Surgical Planning Laboratory 
Brigham and Women's Hospital 
75 Francis St, L1 Room 050
Boston, MA 02115
Phone: +1 617 732-7389
E-mail: kikinis at


Recent Publications

  • Talos I-F, Mian AZ, Zou KH, Hsu L, Goldberg-Zimring D, Haker S, Bhagwat JG, Mulkern R. Magnetic resonance and the human brain: anatomy, function and metabolism. Cell Mol Life Sci 2006;63(10):1106-24.
    The introduction and development, over the last three decades, of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR spectroscopy technology for in vivo studies of the human brain represents a truly remarkable achievement, with enormous scientific and clinical ramifications. These effectively non-invasive techniques allow for studies of the anatomy, the function and the metabolism of the living human brain. They have allowed for new understandings of how the healthy brain works and have provided insights into the mechanisms underlying multiple disease processes which affect the brain. Different MR techniques have been developed for studying anatomy, function and metabolism. The primary focus of this review is to describe these different methodologies and to briefly review how they are being employed to more fully appreciate the intricacies associated with the organ, which most distinctly differentiates the human species from the other animal forms on earth.
  • Learned-Miller EG. Data driven image models through continuous joint alignment. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 2006;28(2):236-50.
    This paper presents a family of techniques that we call congealing for modeling image classes from data. The idea is to start with a set of images and make them appear as similar as possible by removing variability along the known axes of variation. This technique can be used to eliminate "nuisance" variables such as affine deformations from handwritten digits or unwanted bias fields from magnetic resonance images. In addition to separating and modeling the latent images-i.e., the images without the nuisance variables-we can model the nuisance variables themselves, leading to factorized generative image models. When nuisance variable distributions are shared between classes, one can share the knowledge learned in one task with another task, leading to efficient learning. We demonstrate this process by building a handwritten digit classifier from just a single example of each class. In addition to applications in handwritten character recognition, we describe in detail the application of bias removal from magnetic resonance images. Unlike previous methods, we use a separate, nonparametric model for the intensity values at each pixel. This allows us to leverage the data from the MR images of different patients to remove bias from each other. Only very weak assumptions are made about the distributions of intensity values in the images. In addition to the digit and MR applications, we discuss a number of other uses of congealing and describe experiments about the robustness and consistency of the method.
  • Guttmann CRG, Meier DS, Holland CM. Can MRI reveal phenotypes of multiple sclerosis?. Magn Reson Imaging 2006;24(4):475-81.
    The multicontrast capability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is discussed in its role in the search for phenotypes of multiple sclerosis (MS). Aspects of MRI specificity, putative markers for pathogenetic components of disease and issues of spatial and temporal distribution are discussed. While particular reference is made to MS, the concepts apply to common pathological features of many neurologic diseases and to neurodegenerative disease in general. The assessment and dissociation of disease activity and disease severity, as well as the combination of varied metrics for the purposes of inferential and predictive disease modeling, are explored with respect to biomarkers and clinical outcomes. By virtue of its noninvasive nature and multicontrast capabilities depicting multiple facets of MS pathology, MRI lends itself to the systematic search of pathogenetically distinct subtypes of MS in large populations of patients. In conjunction with clinical, immunological, serological and genetic information, clusters of MS patients with distinct clinical prognosis and diverse response profiles to available and future treatments may be identified.
  • Pohl KM, Fisher J, Grimson EL, Kikinis R, Wells WM. A Bayesian Model for Joint Segmentation and Registration. Neuroimage 2006;31(1):228-39.
    A statistical model is presented that combines the registration of an atlas with the segmentation of magnetic resonance images. We use an Expectation Maximization-based algorithm to find a solution within the model, which simultaneously estimates image artifacts, anatomical labelmaps, and a structure-dependent hierarchical mapping from the atlas to the image space. The algorithm produces segmentations for brain tissues as well as their substructures. We demonstrate the approach on a set of 22 magnetic resonance images. On this set of images, the new approach performs significantly better than similar methods which sequentially apply registration and segmentation.
  • MacFall JR, Taylor WD, Rex DE, Pieper S, Payne ME, McQuoid DR, Steffens DC, Kikinis R, Toga AW, Krishnan RR. Lobar distribution of lesion volumes in late-life depression: the Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN). Neuropsychopharmacology 2006;31(7):1500-7.
    White matter hyperintense lesions on T2-weighted images are associated with late-life depression. Little work has been carried out examining differences in lesion location between elderly individuals with and without depression. In contrast to previous studies examining total brain white matter lesion volume, this study examined lobar differences in white matter lesion volumes derived from brain magnetic resonance imaging. This study examined 49 subjects with a DSM-IV diagnosis of major depression and 50 comparison subjects without depression. All participants were age 60 years or older. White matter lesion volumes were measured in each hemisphere using a semiautomated segmentation process and localized to lobar regions using a lobar atlas created for this sample using the imaging tools provided by the Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN). The lobar lesion volumes were compared against depression status. After controlling for age and hypertension, subjects with depression exhibited significantly greater total white matter lesion volume in both hemispheres and in both frontal lobes than did control subjects. Although a similar trend was observed in the parietal lobes, the difference did not reach a level of statistical significance. Models of the temporal and occipital lobes were not statistically significant. Older individuals with depression have greater white matter disease than healthy controls, predominantly in the frontal lobes. These changes are thought to disrupt neural circuits involved in mood regulation, thus increasing the risk of developing depression.