Multimodal image registration for liver radioembolization planning and patient assessment


Spahr N, Thoduka S, Abolmaali N, Kikinis R, Schenk A. Multimodal image registration for liver radioembolization planning and patient assessment. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2019;14 (2) :215-25.

Date Published:

2019 Feb


PURPOSE: Multimodal imaging plays a key role in patient assessment and treatment planning in liver radioembolization. It will reach its full potential for convenient use in combination with deformable image registration methods. A registration framework is proposed for multimodal liver image registration of multi-phase CT, contrast-enhanced late-phase T1, T2, and DWI MRI sequences. METHODS: A chain of four pair-wise image registrations based on a variational registration framework using normalized gradient fields as distance measure and curvature regularization is introduced. A total of 103 cases of 35 patients was evaluated based on anatomical landmarks and deformation characteristics. RESULTS: Good anatomical correspondence and physical plausibility of the deformation fields were attained. The global mean landmark errors vary from 3.20 to 5.36 mm, strongly influenced by low resolved images in z-direction. Moderate volume changes are indicated by mean minimum and maximum Jacobian determinants of 0.44 up to 1.88. No deformation foldings were detected. The mean average divergence of the deformation fields range from 0.08 to 0.16 and the mean harmonic energies vary from 0.08 to 0.58. CONCLUSION: The proposed registration solutions enable the combined use of information from multimodal imaging and provide an excellent basis for patient assessment and primary planning for liver radioembolization.

Last updated on 04/29/2021