Mapping Prostatic Microscopic Anisotropy Using Linear and Spherical B-Tensor Encoding: A Preliminary Study

Citation:

Nilsson M, Eklund G, Szczepankiewicz F, Skorpil M, Bryskhe K, Westin C-F, Lindh C, Blomqvist L, Jäderling F. Mapping Prostatic Microscopic Anisotropy Using Linear and Spherical B-Tensor Encoding: A Preliminary Study. Magn Reson Med. 2021;86 (4) :2025-33.

Date Published:

2021 10

Abstract:

PURPOSE: Tensor-valued diffusion encoding provides more specific information than conventional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), but has mainly been applied in neuroimaging studies. This study aimed to assess its potential for the imaging of prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: Seventeen patients with histologically proven PCa were enrolled. DWI of the prostate was performed with linear and spherical tensor encoding using a maximal b-value of 1.5 ms/µm2 and a voxel size of 3 × 3 × 4 mm3 . The gamma-distribution model was used to estimate the mean diffusivity (MD), the isotropic kurtosis (MKI ), and the anisotropic kurtosis (MKA ). Regions of interest were placed in MR-defined cancerous tissues, as well as in apparently healthy tissues in the peripheral and transitional zones (PZs and TZs). RESULTS: DWI with linear and spherical encoding yielded different image contrasts at high b-values, which enabled the estimation of MKA and MKI . Compared with healthy tissue (PZs and TZs combined) the cancers displayed a significantly lower MD (P < .05), higher MKI (P < 10-5 ), and lower MKA (P < .05). Compared with the TZ, tissue in the PZ showed lower MD (P < 10-3 ) and higher MKA (P < 10-3 ). No significant differences were found between cancers of different Gleason scores, possibly because of the limited sample size. CONCLUSION: Tensor-valued diffusion encoding enabled mapping of MKA and MKI in the prostate. The elevated MKI in PCa compared with normal tissues suggests an elevated heterogeneity in the cancers. Increased in-plane resolution could improve tumor delineation in future studies.

Last updated on 10/31/2022